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Moral objectivism [Aug. 28th, 2008|08:16 am]
Real Philosophy

ragnarok20
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This is an essay I wrote for my Theories of Ethics course in, what I think was, Fall of 07. Have fun.


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Mod Note [Jun. 28th, 2008|10:08 am]
Real Philosophy

ragnarok20
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I just want to remind everyone that this community isn't solely for the purpose of posting essays or anything of the sort, that was just my way of getting the ball rolling.  I want to encourage discussion in this community so any random philosophy question that pops into your head, feel free to post it.  I take a much more liberal view of what is considered philosophy than the moderators of other lj communities, so the risk of banning is relatively small compared to them.
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Cuban Reform [Jun. 9th, 2008|11:49 am]
Real Philosophy

ragnarok20
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[Current Music |Arch Enemy - Star Breaker]

This will be my last post from my Phil371 course for a while until I get a chance to edit the paper I wrote on Nozick in which I hopefully solve many of the problems. Later

In any case, this was a paper in which the professor wanted us to apply the theories we had learned in the class to scenarios in the real world via a media source. That is, he wanted us to find news articles in which the principles discussed in the class were playing out in the real world. I took this a bit further though and applied it the whole slew of Cuban reforms that have been taking place ever since Raul took over for Castro and applied not only the Rawlsian principles discussed, but as well as those from Marx and Friedman.

Well,

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Rawls' Theory of Justice [Jun. 5th, 2008|12:11 pm]
Real Philosophy

ragnarok20
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[Current Music |Married With Children on the television.]

This is the final essay that I wrote for my Theories of Ethics course a couple of semesters ago.  Again, it focuses primarily on Rawls A Theory of Justice, but unlike the others this gives a more foundational basis for which one can understand some of the other essays I've posted here from my Contemporary Social and Political Thought course.  In this essay I levy some typical criticisms against Rawls as well as others which are atypical.  Or at the very least I'd never read the form of that particular criticism before.  Also, reading this essay will give you a foundation in an essay I have in my head at the moment which will be on the Rawlsian conception of "institutions" (which I address briefly in this essay) and how they pertain to Jeffersonian conception of democracy.  In any case; Enjoy!

   

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Liberals and Communitarianism [May. 18th, 2008|01:17 pm]
Real Philosophy

ragnarok20
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[Current Location |Arcata, California]
[Current Music |Opeth - To Bid You Farewell]

This is another essay I've written for my Contemporary Social and Political Thought. Again, it focuses primarily on the theories of John Rawls, but this time around focuses on the interaction between a Communitarian, or other illiberal group, living within a greater liberal society.  I've misplaced the prompt, but one thing to remember is that when Communitarianism is addressed, this is only referential to weak-Communitarianism as strong-Communitarianism is, for all intents and purposes, ultimately wrong.  Well, without any further ado, I give you <i>Liberals and Communitarianism</i>.

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Mod Note [May. 9th, 2008|01:38 am]
Real Philosophy

ragnarok20
Thus far I have used this community primarily to post essays I have written that people may or may not be interested in, I do encourage the asking of general questions or even posting your own essays here for th benefit of everyone else. I've mostly posted essays to try and get things going and hopefully encourage others to post as well.

Finals are coming up so I find myself very busy at the moment, but in a week that shall no longer be true and there are a couple of essays I've written for classes that I would like to edit once more before posting them here so that the points I felt were most important could be seen much more clearly.

I will also be working on a couple of other essays outside of that. The first one the structures of racism and white privilege, as well as an essay on Wittgenstein and verification (though, I will not likely be using the arguments by Wittgenstein that have been traditionally used in regards to verification).

/Mod Note
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Liberal Redistributive Justice [Mar. 29th, 2008|01:31 pm]
Real Philosophy

ragnarok20
Sorry, I don't have the prompt for this one, but this essay was written for my Phil371 course "Contemporary Social and Political Thought." The course primarily deals with political theories from the early 1970's (this date was use to coincide with the publication of Rawls A Theory of Jusice, as most contemporary theories have to go through Rawls) through today. The course deals with Liberalism, Libertarianism, Communitarianism, and Multiculturalism with readings from Will Kymlicka's text Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction. A fairly decent text, though as with any philosopher there are a few short-comings in both his reading and interpretation of the arguments.

While Rawls made a number of contributions to Liberal theory when <u>A Theory of Justice</u>, as well as the articles prior to it, were published, there remain a number of distinctions between the two theories.Collapse )
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John Locke and the Philosophy of Language [Feb. 28th, 2008|06:42 pm]
Real Philosophy

ragnarok20
This is a paper I wrote for my senior seminar in philosophy for The Philosophy of Language, Selected Issues. Here is the Prompt: Locke claims in his Essay on Human Understanding, Book III, chapter ii, the second paragraph: Man, though he have great variety of thoughts, and such from which others as well as himself might receive profit and delight; yet they are all within his own breast, invisible and hidden from others, nor can of themselves be made to appear. The comfort and advantage of society not being to be had without communication of thoughts, it was necessary that man should find out some external sensible signs, whereof those invisible ideas, which his thoughts are made up of, might be made known to others. For this purpose nothing was so fine, either for plenty or quickness, as those articulate sounds, which with so much ease and variety he found himself able to make. Thus we may conceive how words, which were by nature so well adapted to that purpose, came to be made use of by men as the signs of their ideas; not by any natural connexion that there is between particular articulate sounds and certain ideas, for then there would be but one language amongst all men; but by a voluntary imposition, whereby such a word is made arbitrarily the mark of such an idea.
Consider the last part of that claim, that the connections beween particular words and the ideas for which they stand are neither natural nor necessary but instead are arbitrary and conventon. And consider the argument Locke gives for this claim, "for then there would be but one language amongst all men. Augustine seems to be alluding to the same kind of relationship for the ideas which they stand way back behind our words when he says, "Within the dwelling of thought Truth (is) neither Hebrew nor Greek nor Latin nor barbaric in speech, without mouth or tongue or noise of syllables." (Augustine, Confessions, Book 11, Section 4). I tell you, "It's raining," but Piglet tells Pooh (in the Latin translation), "Il pluit." All of us get our umbrellas, all having said and all having understood the same.
There are problems with Locke's claim, including some very down home difficulties. One problem is that when we work with examples of something which could be said in different languages or which could be put different ways, as soon as the examples are developed enough to have a shape and an identity then what is being said becomes less pen to variation; the ways that it can be said become much more precise, exact, and restricted. This includes those examples in which the people speaking and conversing are fluent in more than one language. In those cases, the falsity of Locke's account especially emerges if the speakers raise questions about what exactly is being said, and the ability to say what is being said may be given in different languages but does not thereby involve saying different things.

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x-posted to ragnarok20
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(no subject) [Jan. 30th, 2008|01:25 pm]
Real Philosophy

tar0r
Hello philosophyboard!

Just a post to start this off really.

I'm Tara, I don't have any qualifications in Philosophy, though studied it for a while and enjoy it as a hobby, if you could call it that.

I look forward to ranting/questioning/sharing thoughts with you lot on the future.
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